Consumer sentiment highest since 2004

Shoppers at Whole Foods in Evanston.

By Christine Huang

Consumers expressed overwhelming optimism about the economy in January.

The Index of Consumer Sentiment reached a 13-year high of 98.5, surpassing last month’s 98.2, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers. It was the highest reading since 2004.

“The post-election surge in confidence was driven by a more optimistic outlook for the economy and job growth during the year ahead as well as more favorable economic prospects over the next five years,” said Richard Curtin, the Surveys of Consumers chief economist, in a statement on the Surveys of Consumers website.

The Index of Consumer Expectations, which measures how consumers view conditions moving forward, was 90.3, up 9.2 percent from a year ago.

Current Economic Conditions, which measures consumer attitudes toward conditions right now, was 111.3, up 4.6 percent from last January.

“The U.S. economy has been pretty resilient,” said Andrew Opdyke, economist at First Trust Advisors, in an interview. “People are seeing continued job growth. They’ve seen a pickup in wage growth, and they’ve got a positive outlook,” he explained.

The Federal Reserve’s decision to raise interest rates likely contributed to the widespread sense of optimism among consumers, Opdyke added. “They’re raising rates because they think the economy is continuing to grow, to continue to heal from the recession,” he said.

Curtin also pointed out the dramatic bipartisan divide in consumer attitudes in his statement, noting that in the past fifty years, the Surveys had “never recorded as dominant an impact of partisanship on economic expectations.”

The divergence of opinions between Democrats and Republicans is expected to mellow in the coming months.

To compile the Consumer Sentiment Index, the University of Michigan Consumer Survey Center asks 500 households every month about their financial situations and attitudes toward the economy.

The Consumer Confidence Index, compiled by the Conference Board, a business organization in New York, is based on a survey of 3,000 households every month. The Consumer Confidence Index for January will be released Jan. 31.

Photo at top: Shoppers at Whole Foods in Evanston. (Christine Huang/MEDILL)